The Department of Political Science of Barpeta Girls' College, which was established in the year 1978, is the important department of the college. In the year 2003-2004 the department got major permission from the G.U. The Political Science department has produced many students as well as social activities in the district.

The faculty members of the Department have also earned reputation in various field in the district as well as state. The department has its own journal - Jagoram and till now two volumes have been published.